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Gossamer is the mechanical clock to be the core of the gossamer was invented before the mechanical clock to rely on the pendulum as the oscillator to achieve energy division and travel, the 17th century, Huygens invented gossamer greatly reduced watch size. Today, we often refer to Luxury Rolex Replica Watches the balance spring hairspring (Balance Spring or Hair Spring), although the spring (Barrel Spring) is also a spring (Spring) of a. The appearance of gossamer is a pocket watch, watch the basis of the emergence of the pendulum is the end of the era of brilliant.
The gossamer follows the physical laws of the wobble cycle. In the watch, the frequency of the gossamer wheel system is related to the rotational inertia of the balance spring. As the precision mechanical structure, the material, effective length, thickness and width of the gossamer are essential to the whole system. influences. Because of this, when the continuous development of mechanical watches today, gossamer is still a measure of the strength of each table factory technical threshold, the world can independently research and development gossamer factory, very few.
From the early iron alloy gossamer material, to the later incorporation of nickel INVAR iron alloy hairspring, to today’s mainstream Nivarox gossamer, gossamer material with the development of materials science, evolving, watch industry is constantly exploring More perfect gossamer material. What is perfect? As a clock often need to run uninterrupted for several years or even decades, gossamer oscillation frequency reached a very alarming number (in accordance with the current frequency of the mainstream 4HZ, a year of uninterrupted running gossamer extension and contraction of a total of about 252 million times ), So only a very small number of metal alloys can be used to make hairspring. In addition, the gossamer must also be able to resist some of the external environment of daily life its impact, mainly from the early impact of temperature difference, then become more and more important anti-magnetic, the early twentieth Century Nobel Prize winner Charles Edouard Guillaume Invar alloy Solve this problem, but also has a certain anti-magnetic.
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In 1931, Dr. Straumann developed nickel-chromium steel alloy Nivarox springs, composed of seven elements, this weak magnetic metal alloy has good resistance to oxidation deformation characteristics, Thermal deformation coefficient, which has a good anti-temperature performance. Because of this, Nivarox in the watch industry is widely used, and replaced the INVAR alloy hairspring into the mainstream Swiss Rolex Replica Watches market. Today, the entire watchmaking industry, Nivarox has become the first choice for self-produced wrist watch factory, and become the Swatch Group in the hands of a trump card, more than 95% of the Swiss watch brand and some non-Swiss brands are using Nivarox FAR Of the hairspring. As mentioned above, gossamer is a technical barrier products, with the strength of their own gossamer watch factory, generally not outside, so Nivarox will become the dominant gossamer field. Although Nivarox still has some other gossamer manufacturers such as Altokapa, Japan’s Seiko, Citizen, etc., but Nivarox reason to dominate the gossamer industry, but also because of its high cost.
Of course, Nivarox FAR company in addition to the production of different specifications of the Nivarox hairspring, there are other hairspring, such as Richard Mill used Elinvar nickel-chromium constant spring steel springs, better than Nivarox Anachron gossamer for other companies customized special hairspring Wait.
In recent years, silicon gossamer in the continuous popularity of high-level tabulation, and Swatch Group has begun to try to proceed to the low-end market, which is the modern watchmaking gossamer material for the new exploration. From metal alloys to non-metallic materials, is likely to be a transformation. For the time being, from the top brands Patek Philippe, Breguet, Athens, etc., to our familiar Omega, and close to the people such as the United States, have launched a silicon material-based hairspring.
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Patek Philippe’s cutting-edge research project, based on silicon, played the silicon escapement trilogy, including Pulsomax escapement fork, Silinvar escape wheel and Spiromax hairspring. Rolex in 2014 released a silicon-based hairspring Syloxi, applied to the 2236 automatic movement, it is worth noting that this is a female form movement, Rolex successfully developed an excellent silicon Rolex Replica Watches China hairspring, but not universal to the mainstream Watches, it is because of its inherent defects in silicon materials, Rolex that it is still not the most satisfactory hairspring material. Silica gossamer relative to the metal gossamer has a huge advantage, that is completely free from magnetic effects, but the biggest drawback is too brittle.
A few years ago, the discussion of silicon gossamer is very frequent, the advantage is better than the performance of metal alloy gossamer, the drawback is that damage can only be replaced, is not conducive to long-term development. If this watch is still 30 years later, but at this time the corresponding parts are likely to have been unable to match, but can not repair, or even difficult to match to the appropriate metal hairspring. But the overall market point of view, most of the tables are only present in the moment, the real can be retained for so long, after all, still a minority, so the whole may be more good than harm.
The United States this year launched the Beilun Sally series 80-hour power reserve watch, using silicon material gossamer, this should be the current price of the first case of silicon Siyou watch. This means that the silicon gossamer will no longer be high, it is likely to be popular, as the Swatch Group will be competitive in the 80-hour long power movement on the same time, once again in the low-end market pull the absolute superiority .
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That self-hairspring, we most likely think of who? I will first think of Rolex Parachrom paramagnetic blue niobium spring, the official information on the earthquake, anti-magnetic, etc. are stronger than the average gossamer out of a level, is currently the main Rolex hairspring. Rolex accurate travel time, the actual use of excellent performance, and to maintain the long life of the watch, Parachrom hairspring played an important role.
Seiko and Japan’s Northeastern University materials science laboratory to develop a Spron elastic material for Seiko watch the mainspring and gossamer. Spron has a variety of Buy Rolex Replica Watches specifications, which is mainly used for the mainspringSpron510, Spron530 (high frequency vibration movement), and for the Springs is the Spron610 and so on. Spron is a nickel-cobalt alloy, with high strength, high elasticity, corrosion resistance, anti-magnetic and anti-temperature difference of the five characteristics, is widely used in Seiko and some Japanese watches.
In addition, there are some brands in the self-developed hairspring material, along with some little-known gossamer material such as Richard Mille AK 3 hairspring.
The different gossamer material, which essentially sets the gossamer’s performance, still requires some extra processing to make the gossamer play better. Most of the time, the gossamer we have seen is flattened, with an end wound around the curve. In general, the end Rao curve uses the Breguet-style end of the Shangrao (or Phillips end curve). The appearance of this curve, because the hairspring end as fixed in the hairspring, affecting the hairspring telescopic concentricity, and thus affect the travel time, so this part of the end of the way through the curve Shangrao, “cut” out to reduce this effect.